The part of the club that is used to strike the ball. This is connected securely to the shaft of the club.
An area of water that is not a fixed feature of the course which a player may take relief from. It must be visible before or after the player takes his stance to qualify as casual water.
Any of the parts of the golf club. These include the club head, shaft grip and ferrule.
Holding the grip of the club lower down (towards the club head) than normal. This has the effect of shortening the club and decreasing distance and increasing control. This is commonly done when a player finds himself in-between clubs.
Also known as left hand low, this is a grip of the club which sees the right handed placed higher up the grip than the left (in right handed golfers). This is the opposite of the conventional grips used in golf. Although not exclusively, it is predominantly used in putting by players who wish to eliminate the problem of wrist break or the yips.
The process which the ball undergoes when it is hit. The club head deforms the ball, and the rate of the deformation is termed compression or softness.
To acknowledge that you do not have a likely chance of winning the hole or match and allowing your opponent the privilege of not having to complete a putt, hole-out or finish the match. This is most commonly done when the opponent has a very short putt which he is not likely to miss, and is a sporting gesture rather than an admission of defeat.
The first cut is the area of grass adjacent to the fairway and is usually of a constant length (often the called light rough). The second cut lies beyond the first cut and is longer grass (often called the heavy rough).
A chip shot which results in the ball being holed.
This is used to describe a shot that is propelled towards the green and onto the green from a short distance at a low height.
A description of the hole, including the plastic or metal base and sides often found in holes.
A stance that sees the golfer position his feet in such a way that if you were to draw a line from toe to toe, the line would aim to the right of the aimline in front of the golfer (for a right handed player).
The distance the ball travels through the air before hitting the ground.
Another word for backspin.
The measurement of the volume of a club head, used to determine the size of fairway woods and drivers. The limit for a driver as stipulated by the R&A and the USGA is 460cc.
A club designed and used solely for chipping the ball. They are mainly an aid for golfers who struggle while chipping with other clubs.
The par for the course, i.e. the score that a scratch golfer would be expected to score. See also Stroke Index
A putter which has the connection between the clubhead and the shaft in the centre of the clubhead, as opposed to the heel on all other golf clubs.
This is the nickname given to an area of shorter grass such as the fairway or the green.
When the club face is aligned so that its face points to the left of the aimline (for a right handed player).
This relates to the power stored in the muscles of the abdominals and back.
This is the efficiency of energy transfer from one object to another. With regard to drivers, this is the efficiency of the clubhead in transferring energy to the ball. Although there are many other factors to consider, a higher COR will allow greater ball speed and greater distance in drivers.
The Legal COR limit set by the R&A and USGA which came into effect in early 2008 is 0.83. The COR can range from 0 (where there is no transfer of energy) to 1 (where all energy is transferred). See also Trampoline Effect.
A British term for a muddy or wet lie.
A shot which results in a higher trajectory than normal with greater backspin and sidespin to the right (for a right handed player). It is used to help keep the ball on the green after it lands.
The length from the sole of the club to the end of the grip butt. Often used when measuring the area in which you can drop or tee a golf ball.
The velocity of the club head, usually measured as the top speed reached at impact with the ball.
Irons that have a hollowed out area at the back of the club. This is so that the weight taken out can be redistributed elsewhere. The redistribution of weight then creates a more forgiving club.
When the wrists unhinge too early in the downswing resulting in a loss of clubhead speed.
This the top part of the club head on a wood. Some woods like the ERC Fusion series incorporate a lightweight carbon-fibre crown with a titanium club face and sole.
This is the location in space where the weight of the club head is centred. It may be located either on or off the club head and is often misinterpreted as the sweetspot. A low centre of gravity gives a club a higher trajectory shot than a club with a higher CG, provided the loft is the same.
A motion that is used in certain golf shots. If you hold your hands out in front of you with your palms touching, it is the movement in you wrists which brings your hands up and closer towards you.
An attempt to play the ball along the ground as a chip is performed, although from a greater distance.
An attendant that accompanies you around the course, usually with good local course knowledge. Caddies often give advice and are expected to carry and clean your clubs during the round.
This is a small electric vehicle that is used to transport people around the golf course.
To commit to a shot is maintain your spine angle throughout the shot and not lift your head (and shoulders). It is also used to mean a complete follow-through, especially in a chip or putt. Not committing to a shot often results in topped shots in the full swing and poor distance control and hitting the ball heavy when chipping.
The process by which, or having the properties of, a clubhead that is created by pouring molten metal into a cast. This is an easier way to mass-produce golf clubs compared with forging.